GLOSSARY OF TECH TERMS A-Z

May 3, 2010


This alphabetized list of technology resources is designed to provide some answers and insights, as well as provoke ideas and dialogue about how much and how quickly the new media scape is shifting.






Alexa
is a useful resource for people to discover information about websites. You can use Alexa to discover how popular a site is, find out who owns a site, and much more. File this under metrics.



A news aggregator like NEWSER and ALLTOP is a website where headlines are collected and organized by the website owner. A feed aggregator, also known as a feed reader, news reader, rss reader or simply aggregator, is client software or a web application (like Google Reader or Feedly) which aggregates syndicated web content such as news headlines, blogs, podcasts, and vlogs in a single location for easy viewing. (See related post on Feedly)
 
An Application Programming Interface (API) is an interface implemented by a software program to enable its interaction with other software. It is similar to the way the user interface facilitates interaction between humans and computers. A common example is

In computer networks, bandwidth is equivalent to the data transfer rate—the amount of data that can be carried from one computer to another in a given time period (usually a second). This kind of bandwidth is usually expressed in bits (of data) per second (bps). In general, a link with a high bandwidth is one that carries enough information to sustain a video presentation. You can test your bandwidth rate

Bit.ly is a url shortener that lets you make long links short so you can share them on twitter and other social networks.








Creative Commons
 is a non-profit corporation dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others, consistent with the rules of copyright. They provide free licenses and other legal tools to mark creative work with the freedom the creator wants it to carry, so others can share it, remix it, use it commercially, or any combination thereof.
 
►Delicious is a social bookmarking service for storing, sharing, and searching web
    bookmarks. The site was founded in 2003, bought by Yahoo! in 2005 and, by 2008
    had over 5 million users and 180 million unique URLs bookmarked. Delicious has a
    hotlist on its home page and popular and recent pages, which help to make the
    website a conveyor of Internet memes & trends. Delicious uses a non-hierarchical
    classification system letting users tag bookmarks with their own terms, generating a
    kind of folksonomy. Its collective nature makes it possible to view bookmarks added
    by other users. Delicious is one of the most popular social bookmarking services because of its simple interface, human-readable URL scheme, & RSS feeds for web syndication.
 
Drupal is a free software package that allows an individual, a community of users, or an enterprise to easily publish, manage and organize a wide variety of content on a website. (See also Joomla, Wordpress)
 
When freedoms in the networked world come under attack, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is the first line of defense. EFF broke new ground when it was founded in 1990 and continues to confront cutting-edge issues defending free speech, privacy, innovation, and consumer rights today.

Email marketing (also called HTML emails) allows users to send emails with embedded images, graphics, video, and links. Many email marketing services, such as Patron Mail, offer customer relations management functionality and reports. (See related post.)
 
Facebook is a social utility that connects people with friends and others who work, study, and live around them.
 


Flickr
is an online photo management and sharing application.

Among Google’s many services is the indispensable Google Alerts, which provides regular email updates on the topics of your choice. Google Trends is also very useful, as you'll see from this result for orchestras.
 
Hashtags are a community-driven convention for adding additional context and metadata to your tweets. They're like tags on Flickr or Delicious, only added inline to your post. You create a hashtag simply by prefixing a word with a hash symbol: #hashtag. You can track the frequency with which a hashtag is used on Twitter and get details about that hashtag here at hashtags.org. (See also Alexa, TweetMeme)

Idealist.org is a directory of of non-profit and volunteer opportunities and other resources. Idealist is an interactive site where people and organizations can exchange resources and ideas,and locate opportunities and supporters.
 
The Internet Society is an independent international nonprofit organisation founded in 1992 to provide leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy around the world.

►Joomla is an award-winning content management system (CMS) for building websites and
    online applications. (See also Drupal, Wordpress)
 
   Kickstarter is a funding platform for artists, designers, filmmakers, musicians, journalists,
   inventors, explorers, and others. (See related post).
.
Lurkers are people who read but don't contribute or add comments to forums. The one percent rule suggests about one percent of people contribute new content to an online community, nine percent comment, and the rest lurk. This may not be a passive role because content read on forums can spark interaction elsewhere.

Meetup helps groups of people with shared interests plan meetings and form offline clubs in local communities around the world.
 
Mobile devices are pocket-sized computers (like cellphones) typically equipped with a display screen with touch input or miniature keyboard. Smartphones and PDAs are popular amongst those who require the assistance and convenience of a conventional computer in environments where carrying one would not be practical. Enterprise digital assistants can further extend the available functionality for the business user by offering integrated data capture devices like barcode, RFID, and smart card readers.

Net neutrality is the principle that Internet users should be able to access any web content they want, post their own content, and use any applications they choose, without restrictions or limitations imposed by their Internet service providers. Large telecommunications and cable companies want to create tiered pricing for content providers to better reach Internet users, thereby drastically changing the ability of individuals and small businesses to compete with larger interests to attract Internet users.Recent court decisions threaten this neutrality. Find out more at Save the Internet.
 
Open source is a development method for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer review and transparency of process. The promise of open source is better quality, higher reliability, more flexibility, lower cost, and an end to vendor lock-in. SourceForge is an online community for sharing and develop free open source software.
 
A pingback is one of three types of methods for Web authors to request notification when somebody links to one of their documents. This enables authors to keep track of who is linking to, or referring to their articles.
 
The most common operation in SQL (see below) is the query, which retrieves data from one or more tables or data expressions. Queries allow the user to describe desired data, leaving the database management system (DBMS) responsible for planning, optimizing, and performing the physical operations necessary to produce results.
 

RSS is short for Really Simple Syndication. This allows you to subscribe to content on blogs and other social media and have it delivered to you through a feed.
 

 
Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of improving the volume or quality of traffic to a web site or a web page (such as a blog) from search engines via "natural" or un-paid ("organic" or "algorithmic") search results as opposed to other forms of search engine marketing (SEM) which may deal with paid inclusion. Learn more about Search Engine Optimization from Google’s Webmaster Tools Help.
 
Skype lets you make free calls over the Internet to other people on Skype for as long as you like, to wherever you like. It is free to download.
 
SQL (Structured Query Language) is a database computer language designed for managing data in relational database management systems (RDBMS).
 
►Twitter is a social networking and microblogging service that enables its users to send and
    read messages known as tweets. With Twitter, you can find out what is happening right now.
 
►TweetMeme is a service that aggregates all the popular links on Twitter to determine which
    links are popular. (See also Hashtags, Alexa, )
 
UberVu offers close to real-time social media analytics and metrics of buzz around a story from all over the web. (See related post on UberVu.)

Ubuntu is an open-source alternative to Windows and Office. Built by a worldwide team of expert developers, it contains a web browser, office suite, media apps, instant messaging, and more.

Ustream, established in March 2007, is a website of diverse channels providing a platform for lifecasting and live video streaming of events online. The website has over 2,000,000 registered users who generate 1,500,000+ hours of live streamed content per month with over ten million unique hits per month. During the 2008 U.S. presidential campaign, the website was used by nearly all the major candidates to allow more voters to ask political questions.

 




Vimeo
is a respectful community of creative people who are passionate about sharing the videos they make.
 
Wordpress is an open source content management system that provides a semantic personal publishing platform with a focus on aesthetics, web standards, and usability.
 
XBMC offers free and open source cross-platform media center software, capable of playing back almost all known video, audio and picture formats. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yelp is a local reviews website covering almost 40 states.
 
YouTube: search, watch, upload, and share videos.
 
Zazzle
is an online retailer that allows users to upload images and create their own merchandise.
 

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